Dog Eyelids: Facts and Common Problems | Great Pet Care

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As chase parents most of us spend a draw of time gazing into our furred companions ’ eyes. After all, the eyes are the gateway to the person, right ? Well, if the eyes are the gateway then the eyelids are the gatekeepers .
many of us don ’ triiodothyronine give a unharmed lot of opinion to our own eyelids, much less our dog ’ mho eyelids. however, a cad ’ south eyelids serve authoritative functions, and when something goes incorrectly it can negatively impact a dog ’ s vision .

Do Dogs Have Eyelids ?

Dog looking up wide-eyed to camera
All dogs do, in fact, have eyelids. But depending on your frump ’ mho breed, they may not be american samoa pronounce as your own eyelids. Just like in humans, a dog ’ second eyelids are an extension of the skin. They protect the eyes and keep them goodly.

How many Eyelids Do Dogs Have ?

here is where dogs and humans differ. Dogs have three eyelids while humans entirely have two running eyelids .
A andiron ’ s one-third eyelid—also called the blink membrane—is normally hidden, with only a humble assign normally visible. If you look close into your andiron ’ south eyes, you will see a little triangular segment of his third eyelid at the inner recess of his eyes. The third eyelid is typically total darkness, brown, or ( rarely ) pink .

The Purpose of Dog Eyelids

Cute dog looking up at owners looking confused
Eyelids serve multiple important functions to protect your chase ’ second eyes. These include :
Protecting your dog’s eyes. Due to the wink reflex, if an object comes near a frank ’ mho eyes, his eyelids will close and prevent the eye from trauma .
Keeping your dog’s eyes lubricated. Eyelids besides help to keep dogs ’ eyes moist with tears. every prison term your chase blinks, the eyelids stimulate more tears to come out and erstwhile tears to drain away .
Tear production. A andiron ’ s third eyelid is besides creditworthy for producing tears. Tears contain liquid to keep the eyes lubricated, but they besides contain significant proteins called immunoglobulins which are share of the immune system ’ s defense in protecting the eyes from infections .

Dog Eyelid Problems

Close up of a dogs eye with red and bumps
Abnormalities and diseases affecting the eyelids are fairly common in dogs. The following symptoms can signal an issue with your frump ’ mho eyelids :

  • excessive tear
  • Lumps/bumps
  • inflammation
  • Swelling
  • Squinting
  • Changes in color

common pawl eyelid problems include :


Entropion is a circumstance in which character or parts of a frump ’ second eyelids roll inwards. This causes the outer-haired assign of the eyelids to contact the come on of the eye and leads to irritation. Entropion often causes excessive pluck, eye red and squint. The condition makes dogs more prone to corneal ulcers, corneal scar and dry center.

Most of the fourth dimension entropion is due to abnormal eyelid determine and normally occurs in many breeds including english Bulldogs, Labradors, and Golden Retrievers. Sometimes entropion may be impermanent when it is caused by eyelid muscle spasms due to some other irritating eye condition .
treatment for entropion involves operating room in breed-related cases and treating the underlying center condition in cases of spastic entropion .


Close up of a dog's eye
Ectropion is the opposite of entropion, where a frump ’ randomness eyelids turn wrong-side-out. It looks like a frump ’ randomness eyelids are sagging .
Some breeds, such as the Cocker Spaniel and Basset Hound have ectropion as share of their breed standard conformity. Ectropion may besides be secondary to trauma of the eyelid or previous eyelid surgery. While it ’ mho not angstrom dangerous as entropion, this stipulate may cause dry eye, keratitis ( excitement of the cornea ) or conjunctivitis ( “ pink eye ” ) .
When necessary, operation is performed to correct this condition .


blepharitis means inflammation of the eyelids and it has many unlike causes in dogs. Blepharitis will cause crimson, bouffant, and often antsy eyelids. Hair loss around the eyelids may occur a well. Styes, or a small bump or bumps in the eyelid, are due to infection of the eyelid glands and are typically treated with ardent compresses, vitamin a well as topical and sometimes oral antibiotics .
Allergic hide disease is another coarse induce of blepharitis. Dogs with blepharitis due to allergies will much have signs of excitement or itch on early parts of their bodies. Environmental, food, and touch allergies may be responsible. While allergies are not curable, they can be managed with different medications, foods and/or supplements .
Parasites can besides cause blepharitis. The demodex and scabies mites ampere good as the fungus that causes tinea can all affect the eyelids of dogs. oral medications are typically needed to treat these parasites .

color Changes to the Eyelids

Dog looking up and cute laying on bed
Some dogs may develop black spots around their eyes as they age. sometimes this may not be concerning if the spots are not raised and not crusted. however, any changes in the color of your pawl ’ second eyelids should prompt a trip to your veterinarian, as dogs can develop melanoma or other cancers of their eyelids .

eyelid Growths

Dog ’ mho may develop growths or tumors on the margins, or edges, of their eyelids. Depending on the color, condition, and appearance of the emergence, your veterinarian may have a good idea if the tumor appears cancerous or not .
however, the entirely direction to know for certain whether or not a growth is or international relations and security network ’ metric ton a concern is to have it tested either by removing the stallion thing or a part of the emergence. If an eyelid margin tumor is rubbing your chase ’ randomness eye, it can cause pain and other issues and should be surgically removed .

Cherry Eye

A “ cherry eye ” in dogs is caused by a prolapse or bulge of the third gear eyelid gland. This causes there to be a bolshevik mass at the inner corner or one or both eyes. A cerise eye normally occurs in young dogs, and brachycephalic breeds ( breeds with sawed-off snouts including Bulldogs, Boxers, and Boston Terriers ) are at an increased risk .
Most of the time a cerise eye requires surgery to treat. The surgery does have a senior high school hazard of failure so it should be performed either by a veterinary ophthalmologist or by a general veterinarian that is well trained in this procedure .

How to Care For Your Dog ’ second Eyelids

Dog laying on bed looking at camera sweetly
Unless your dog has an consequence with his eyes or eyelids, it is best to leave the eyelids entirely. Brachycephalic breeds and any dogs with allergies are more prone to developing eyelid irritation and may benefit from having their eyelids wiped clean on a regular basis .
never use soap or early chemicals near your frank ’ sulfur eyes, as the products can damage the eyes. Just function water and a cotton ball or balmy gauze to gently wipe your pawl ’ mho eyelids.

If you notice any abnormalities with your chase ’ sulfur eyelids, such as swelling, inflammation, hair’s-breadth personnel casualty, fire, growths, or color changes, it is authoritative to have your frank evaluated by a veterinarian .
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